History and description Timeline and map of the Great Pyramid of Giza and the other Wonders of the Ancient World Egyptologists believe the pyramid was built as a tomb for the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu often Hellenized as "Cheops" and was constructed over a year period. The mass of the pyramid is estimated at 5.
Imhotep is credited with being the first to conceive the notion of stacking mastabas on top of each other, creating an edifice composed of a number of "steps" that decreased in size towards its apex.
The result was the Pyramid of Djoserwhich was designed to serve as a gigantic stairway by which the soul of the deceased pharaoh could ascend to the heavens. Such was the importance of Imhotep's achievement that he was deified by later Egyptians.
It was during this time that the most famous pyramids, the Giza pyramid complexwere built. Over time, as authority became less centralized, the ability and willingness to harness the resources required for construction on a massive scale decreased, and later pyramids were smaller, less well-built and often hastily constructed.
Long after the end of Egypt's own pyramid-building period, a burst of pyramid-building occurred in what is present-day Sudanafter much of Egypt came under the rule of the kings of Napata. Al-Aziz Uthman — tried to destroy the Giza pyramid complex. He gave up after damaging the Pyramid of Menkaure because the task proved too huge.
The inner line indicates the pyramid's present profile, the outer line indicates the original profile. The shape of Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the primordial mound from which the Egyptians believed the earth was created.
The shape of a pyramid is thought to be representative of the descending rays of the sun, and most pyramids were faced with polished, highly reflective white limestone, in order to give them a brilliant appearance when viewed from a distance.
Pyramids were often also named in ways that referred to solar luminescence. While it is generally agreed that pyramids were burial monuments, there is continued disagreement on the particular theological principles that might have given rise to them.
One suggestion is that they were designed as a type of "resurrection machine. One of the narrow shafts that extend from the main burial chamber through the entire body of the Great Pyramid points directly towards the center of this part of the sky. This suggests the pyramid may have been designed to serve as a means to magically launch the deceased pharaoh's soul directly into the abode of the gods.
List of Egyptian pyramids InKarl Richard Lepsius produced the first modern list of pyramids — see Lepsius list of pyramids — in which he counted A great many more have since been discovered. As of NovemberEgyptian pyramids have been identified. It was found again only during an archaeological dig conducted in If visible at all, they may appear as little more than mounds of rubble.
As a consequence, archaeologists are continuing to identify and study previously unknown pyramid structures. The most recent pyramid to be discovered was that of Sesheshet at Saqqaramother of the Sixth Dynasty pharaoh Teti.
The most important of these are listed geographically, from north to south, below. Abu Rawash The largely destroyed Pyramid of Djedefre Abu Rawash is the site of Egypt's most northerly pyramid other than the ruins of Lepsius pyramid number one  — the mostly ruined Pyramid of Djedefreson and successor of Khufu.
Originally it was thought that this pyramid had never been completed, but the current archaeological consensus is that not only was it completed, but that it was originally about the same size as the Pyramid of Menkaurewhich would have placed it among the half-dozen or so largest pyramids in Egypt.
Its location adjacent to a major crossroads made it an easy source of stone. Quarrying — which began in Roman times — has left little apart from about 15 courses of stone superimposed upon the natural hillock that formed part of the pyramid's core.
A small adjacent satellite pyramid is in a better state of preservation. Giza Map of the Giza pyramid complex Aerial view of the Giza pyramid complex Giza is the location of the Pyramid of Khufu also known as the "Great Pyramid" and the "Pyramid of Cheops" ; the somewhat smaller Pyramid of Khafre or Kephren ; the relatively modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure or Mykerinusalong with a number of smaller satellite edifices known as "Queen's pyramids"; and the Great Sphinx of Giza.
Of the three, only Khafre's pyramid retains part of its original polished limestone casing, near its apex. This pyramid appears larger than the adjacent Khufu pyramid by virtue of its more elevated location, and the steeper angle of inclination of its construction — it is, in fact, smaller in both height and volume.
The Giza pyramid complex has been a popular tourist destination since antiquity, and was popularized in Hellenistic times when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater of Sidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Today it is the only one of those wonders still in existence. Zawyet el-Aryan See also: The northern structure's owner is believed to be pharaoh Nebkawhile the southern structure, known as the Layer Pyramidmay be attributable to the Third Dynasty pharaoh Khabaa close successor of Sekhemkhet. If this attribution is correct, Khaba's short reign could explain the seemingly unfinished state of this step pyramid.
Abu Sir Main article:Tourism is Egypt’s second largest source of revenue, bringing in $13 billion in The Great Pyramid at Giza, after all, is one of the seven ancient wonders of the world.
A pyramid is a structure or monument, usually with a quadrilateral base, which rises to a triangular point. In the popular imagination, pyramids are the three lonely structures on the Giza plateau at the edge of the Sahara Desert but there are over seventy pyramids in Egypt stretching down the Nile River Valley and, in their time, they were the centers of great temple complexes.
The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt The Egyptian pyramids remain one of the most beautiful and complex mysteries of the modern world. Set against the exotic backdrop of the Egyptian desert, these stone temples hearken our memories back to .
The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt.
The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt.
As of November , sources cite either or as the number of identified Egyptian pyramids.   Most were built as tombs for the country's pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.
Most Ancient Egyptian pyramids were built as tombs for pharaohs (rulers of Ancient Egypt) and their families. To date, over pyramids have been discovered in Egypt.
To date, over pyramids have been discovered in Egypt.