Constitutional Amendendment Issue On Thursday May 25th,a proposed constitutional amendment that would make it illegal to burn the American flag passed its first test.
Eventually twelve states were represented; 74 delegates were named, 55 attended and 39 signed. Their depth of knowledge and experience in self-government was remarkable.
The Virginia Plan also known as the Large State Plan or the Randolph Plan proposed that the legislative department of the national government be composed of a Bicameral Congress, with both chambers elected with apportionment according to population. Generally favoring the most highly populated states, it used the philosophy of John Locke to rely on consent of the governed, Montesquieu for divided government, and Edward Coke to emphasize civil liberties.
Generally favoring the less-populous states, it used the philosophy of English Whigs such as Edmund Burke to rely on received procedure and William Blackstone to emphasize sovereignty of the legislature. This position reflected the belief that the states were independent entities and, as they entered the United States of America freely and individually, remained so.
On June 13, the Virginia resolutions in amended form were reported out of committee. The New Jersey plan was put forward in response to the Virginia Plan.
A "Committee of Eleven" one delegate from each state represented met from July 2 to 16  to work out a compromise on the issue of representation in the federal legislature.
All agreed to a republican form of government grounded in representing the people in the states. For the legislature, two issues were to be decided: There were sectional interests to be balanced by the Three-Fifths Compromise ; reconciliation on Presidential term, powers, and method of selection; and jurisdiction of the federal judiciary.
Overall, the report of the committee conformed to the resolutions adopted by the Convention, adding some elements.
A twenty-three article plus preamble constitution was presented. Details were attended to, and further compromises were effected. Several of the delegates were disappointed in the result, a makeshift series of unfortunate compromises.
Some delegates left before the ceremony, and three others refused to sign. Of the thirty-nine signers, Benjamin Franklin summed up, addressing the Convention: Their accepted formula for the closing endorsement was "Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of the States present.
The new frame of government that the Philadelphia Convention presented was technically only a revision of the Articles of Confederation. After several days of debate, Congress voted to transmit the document to the thirteen states for ratification according to the process outlined in its Article VII.
Each state legislature was to call elections for a "Federal Convention" to ratify the new Constitution, rather than consider ratification itself; a departure from the constitutional practice of the time, designed to expand the franchise in order to more clearly embrace "the people".
The frame of government itself was to go into force among the States so acting upon the approval of nine i. They proceeded at once to New York, where Congress was in session, to placate the expected opposition. Aware of their vanishing authority, Congress, on September 28, after some debate, resolved unanimously to submit the Constitution to the States for action, "in conformity to the resolves of the Convention",  but with no recommendation either for or against its adoption.
Two parties soon developed, one in opposition, the Anti-Federalistsand one in support, the Federalistsof the Constitution; and the Constitution was debated, criticized, and expounded upon clause by clause.
HamiltonMadisonand Jayunder the name of Publiuswrote a series of commentaries, now known as The Federalist Papersin support of ratification in the state of New Yorkat that time a hotbed of anti-Federalism.
These commentaries on the Constitution, written during the struggle for ratification, have been frequently cited by the Supreme Court as an authoritative contemporary interpretation of the meaning of its provisions.
The dispute over additional powers for the central government was close, and in some states ratification was effected only after a bitter struggle in the state convention itself. On June 21,the constitution had been ratified by the minimum of nine states required under Article VII.
Towards the end of July, and with eleven states then having ratified, the process of organizing the new government began. The Christic Institute was given an unprecedented million-dollar fine for daring to bring the lawsuit.
See a brief description of what happened to them in Jonathan Vankin and John Whelan's 50 Greatest Conspiracies of all Time, pp. Constitutionality is the condition of acting in accordance with an applicable constitution; the status of a law, a procedure, or an act's accordance with the laws or guidelines set forth in the applicable constitution.
When one of these (laws, procedures, or acts) directly violates the constitution, it is unconstitutional. All the rest are considered constitutional until challenged and. Corp. U.S. Mythology. This is a WARNING!Regardless of how much you have read, studied or “learned”, and regardless of how good it sounded or how real it seemed at the time, it is possible that, regardless of the source, .
The Preamble to the Constitution has been largely ignored by lawyers and courts through American history. Rarely has a Supreme Court decision relied on it, even as a guide in interpreting the Constitution. Constitutional Amendendment Issue.
On Thursday May 25th, , a proposed constitutional amendment that would make it illegal to burn the American flag passed its first test. Constitution of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. We, the people of Puerto Rico, in order to organize ourselves politically on a fully democratic basis, to promote the general welfare, and to secure for ourselves and our posterity the complete enjoyment of human rights, placing our trust in Almighty God, do ordain and establish this Constitution for .