Students who have athletic tryouts or practice during this period may only be on campus under the direct supervision of their coach. Have a blessed Thanksgiving holiday. As we are well into the second quarter, students should be aggressively working on academics.
An Eye for an Eye "Hammurabi, the king of righteousness, on whom Shamash has conferred the law, am I. The code was found by French archaeologists in while excavating the ancient city of Susa, which is in modern-day Iran. Hammurabi is the best known and most celebrated of all Mesopotamian kings.
He ruled the Babylonian Empire from B. Although he was concerned with keeping order in his kingdom, this was not his only reason for compiling the list of laws.
When he began ruling the city-state of Babylon, he had control of no more than 50 square miles of territory. As he conquered other city-states and his empire grew, he saw the need to unify the various groups he controlled. A Need for Justice Hammurabi keenly understood that, to achieve this goal, he needed one universal set of laws for all of the diverse peoples he conquered.
Therefore, he sent legal experts throughout his kingdom to gather existing laws. These laws were reviewed and some were changed or eliminated before compiling his final list of laws. Despite what many people believe, this code of laws was not the first.
They date to about B. The prologue or introduction to the list of laws is very enlightening. Here, Hammurabi states that he wants "to make justice visible in the land, to destroy the wicked person and the evil-doer, that the strong might not injure the weak.
The phrase "an eye for an eye" represents what many people view as a harsh sense of justice based on revenge. But, the entire code is much more complex than that one phrase. The code distinguishes among punishments for wealthy or noble persons, lower-class persons or commoners, and slaves.
Some laws were quite brutal, others rather progressive. Members of the upper-class often received harsher punishments than commoners, and women had quite a few important rights. Most of the nearly laws written on the pillar pertain to property rights of landowners, slavemasters, merchants, and builders.
Here are some of the more unusual laws that seem very foreign to a modern society: If any one finds runaway male or female slaves in the open country and bring them to their masters, the master of the slaves shall pay him two shekels of silver. If any one is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death.
If a tavern-keeper feminine does not accept corn according to gross weight in payment of a drink, but takes money, and the price of the drink is less than that of the corn, she shall be convicted and thrown into the water.
If a son of a paramour or a prostitute say to his adoptive father or mother: If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn off. If a man knock out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out.
If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss. If a barber, without the knowledge of his master, cut the sign of a slave on a slave not to be sold, the hands of this barber shall be cut off.
If a slave says to his master: Hammurabi's own words illustrate this point: If he has destroyed the eye of a commoner If he has destroyed the eye of a gentleman's slave The code deals with many topics of concern other than assault.
It outlines rules for witnesses and those making accusations of crimes.
For example, "If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.
In some cases, these rules are quite reasonable and fair: Payment amounts for the work of doctors and other professionals are outlined. Although the pay for doctors was good, they suffered severe punishments for fatal errors. The code states that "if a physician make a large incision with the operating knife, and kill him, The Code covers all types of issues related to farming and herding animals, and it also lays out rules on the ownership and sale of slaves.
Go Jump in a River! Hammurabi's Code may not seem very different from more recent laws and precedents that guide the processes of a trial. But, there are a few major differences between ancient Babylonians and today's laws.
Hammurabi's Code required accusers to bring the accused into court by themselves."Hammurabi, the king of righteousness, on whom Shamash has conferred the law, am I." "An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth." This phrase, along with the idea of written laws, goes back to ancient Mesopotamian culture that prospered long before the Bible was written or the civilizations of the.
This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Conditions. Tes Global Ltd is registered in England (Company No ) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion Square London WC1R 4HQ. Dynasty. From at least BCE to the twentieth century of the Common Era China was ruled by dynasties.
A dynasty is a ruling family that passes control from one generation to the next. A dynasty does not have to last for a long time. 1. _____ The Shang Dynasty was led by 30 different emperors.
2. _____ The Han Dynasty consisted of the Northern and Southern Han. 3. _____ The rule of the Tang Dynasty is also known as the Golden Age. 4. _____ General Zhao Kuang-yin established the Yuan Dynasty. 5. _____ The Qing Dynasty was succeeded by the Republic of China.
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Understand what life was like in the Tang and Song dynasties and compare with student life today in the United States; 3.) Identify and analyze key events and decisions of the Tang and Song Dynasties; 4.) Analyze how the Tang and Song civilizations influenced the modern world.