You can help by adding to it. March Learn how and when to remove this template message Nasal allergy to pollen is called pollinosisand allergy specifically to grass pollen is called hay fever. Generally, pollens that cause allergies are those of anemophilous plants pollen is dispersed by air currents. Such plants produce large quantities of lightweight pollen because wind dispersal is random and the likelihood of one pollen grain landing on another flower is smallwhich can be carried for great distances and are easily inhaled, bringing it into contact with the sensitive nasal passages.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract Pollen quality is important for growers and breeders. This study was carried out to determine in vitro pollen viability and pollen germination in seven genotypes of cherry laurel Prunus laurocerasus L.
In the second step, the germinated pollen was counted 1, 4, 6, 10, 12, 24, and 48 hours later until there was no further germination. The viability rates were different according to genotypes and tests used.
Painted pollen rate was higher and pollen was well-stained with IKI test and pollen viability estimated with TTC staining test was better than that estimated with the IKI staining test. Introduction The development of reliable methods for determining the functional quality of pollen helps in monitoring pollen vigor during storage, genetics and pollen-stigma interaction studies, crop improvement and breeding, and incompatibility and fertility studies [ 1 — 4 ].
The quality of pollen is assessed on the basis of viability and vigor of the pollen grain. Pollen vigor refers to the speed of germination of pollen grains and the rate of pollen tube growth [ 5 ].
In vitro pollen germination tests have been used to determine the germination percentage of pollen and can also be used for assessing pollen vigor by monitoring the rate of germination over a period of time or the length of pollen tubes [ 6 ]. Pollen which could not germinate usually shows poor tube growth which is likely to be ineffective in causing fertilization.
In the breeding of fruit species it is very important to use a suitable method for determining pollen viability [ 7 ]. In vitro germination tests have been used to indicate viability of pollen [ 8 ].
In general, there is a linear relationship between pollen viability and germination capability in many fruit species [ 1 ]. However in some cases, different results may be obtained in cultivars with staining tests. Therefore, to determine the actual amount of viable pollen, germination tests are necessary.
The material in this study is cherry laurel Prunus laurocerasus L. Prunus laurocerasus is an evergreen plant with small cherry fruits, a few centimeters in diameter. The fruit color is red to black when ripe. Before maturity fruits are astringent but become sweet and reasonably pleasant when fully ripe.
The stones when ground into powder are very good for bronchitis [ 10 ]. Cherry laurel fruits are considered a significant source of phenolic compounds and anthocyanins [ 1112 ], and it is one of the most widely used ornamental plants for landscaping [ 13 ].
It is widely spread in the northern part of Turkey and there are many cultivars which show different traits.
As an alternative fruit, with a different taste, it has commercial value in Turkey and many gardens are planted in selected 4 cherry laurel genotypes. Some breeding and cultivation for ornamental studies have just started in United States and Europe [ 14 — 16 ].
Cherry laurel yield amount varies from year to year; that is, the trees tend to have high production in one year followed by low production the following year. The most important factors affecting fruit set are late spring frost, rainy spring weather during bloom, heat stress, and drought [ 10 ].
Breeding to obtain cultivars with high fruit quality has rarely been attempted [ 1217 — 19 ]. Cherry laurel is a self-incompatible species and needs cross-pollination for fruit set according to our observations.
There is usually severe fruit drop leaving no fruit on a shoot. One of the important factors for fertilization success is pollen viability and germination; therefore pollen performance may have a significant role in pollination for adequate fruit yield [ 2021 ].Abstract.
Pollen quality is important for growers and breeders. This study was carried out to determine in vitro pollen viability and pollen germination in seven genotypes of cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus L.).
Two pollen viability tests, TTC (2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride) . The characteristic feature of angiosperms is the flower.
Flowers show remarkable variation in form and elaboration, and provide the most trustworthy external characteristics for establishing relationships among angiosperm species.
Biology: Biology, study of living things and their vital processes that deals with all the physicochemical aspects of life. Modern principles of other fields, such as chemistry, medicine, and physics, for example, are integrated with those of biology in areas such as biochemistry, biomedicine, and biophysics.
HYDROCARBONS. These compounds form the simplest form of lipids, they contain only carbon and hydrogen. They may be divided into aliphatic hydrocarbons with a carbon chain which may be linear (normal), branched, saturated (alkanes) or unsaturated (alcenes), cyclic hydrocarbons and carotenoids.
En botanique, la radicule est la forme embryonnaire de la racine principale d'une plante.C'est la première partie de la plantule à émerger de la graine lors de la caninariojana.com pousse vers le bas (géotropisme positif).Au-dessus de la radicule, se trouve l'hypocotyle, qui porte les cotylédons.
The pecan nuts of a Pawnee tree were not ripe yet; the frost came before the pecan nuts were filled. Anthracnose: A tree with Anthracnose is a condition of black or brown spots but zinc deficiency and rust is also a possibility. The cultivars most likely for these .