Home Importance of Education in the Modern World Education is an important tool that is applied in the contemporary world to succeed, as it mitigates the challenges which are faced in life. This opens doors of opportunities enables individual to achieve better prospects in career growth. Education has played a paramount role in the modern industrial world. This is attributed to the fact prospective employees must be qualified adequately to perform various tasks effectively.
Perhaps the most influential thinker about education in the late twentieth century, Paulo Freire has been particularly popular with informal educators with his emphasis on dialogue and his concern for the oppressed.
His Pedagogy of the Oppressed is currently one of the most quoted educational texts especially in Latin America, Africa and Asia. Freire was able to draw upon, and weave together, a number of strands of thinking about educational practice and liberation. Sometimes some rather excessive claims are made for his work e.
In this piece we assess these — and briefly examine some of the critiques that can be made of his work.
First, his emphasis on dialogue has struck a very strong chord with those concerned with popular and informal education. Given that informal education is a dialogical or conversational rather than a curricula form this is hardly surprising.
However, Paulo Freire was able to take the discussion on several steps with his insistence that dialogue involves respect. It should not involve one person acting on another, but rather people working with each other. Second, Paulo Freire was concerned with praxis — action that is informed and linked to certain values.
Dialogue in itself is a co-operative activity involving respect. The process is important and can be seen as enhancing community and building social capital and to leading us to act in ways that make for justice and human flourishing.
Informal and popular educators have had a long-standing orientation to action — so the emphasis on change in the world was welcome.
But there was a sting in the tail. Paulo Freire argued for informed action and as such provided a useful counter-balance to those who want to diminish theory. His concern to look for words that have the possibility of generating new ways of naming and acting in the world when working with people around literacies is a good example of this.
An example of this is the way in which the divide between teachers and learners can be transcended. The educator for liberation has to die as the unilateral educator of the educatees, in order to be born again as the educator-educatee of the educatees-educators.
An educator is a person who has to live in the deep significance of Easter. Quoted by Paul Taylor The former was a concern of Freire himself in later life — and his work after Pedagogy of the Oppressed was usually written within a more conversational or accessible framework.
We are either with the oppressed or against them. This may be an interesting starting point for teaching, but taken too literally it can make for rather simplistic political analysis. Third, there is an tendency in Freire to overturn everyday situations so that they become pedagogical.
While his initial point of reference might be non-formalthe educational encounters he explores remain formal Torres This can rather work against the notion of dialogue in that curriculum implies a predefined set of concerns and activities.
Fourth, what is claimed as liberatory practice may, on close inspection, be rather closer to banking than we would wish. In other words, the practice of Freirian education can involve smuggling in all sorts of ideas and values under the guise of problem-posing.
While it may be taken as a challenge to the political projects of northern states, his analysis remains rooted in assumptions about cognitive development and the relation of literacy to rationality that are suspect Street His concern with conversation, encounter, being and ethical education have strong echoes in Freirian thought.
Further reading and references Key texts: Important exploration of dialogue and the possibilities for liberatory practice. Freire provides a rationale for a pedagogy of the oppressed; introduces the highly influential notion of banking education; highlights the contrasts between education forms that treat people as objects rather than subjects; and explores education as cultural action.
Reliving Pedagogy of the Oppressed, New York: This book began as a new preface to his classic work, but grew into a book. Written in a direct and engaging way.
There are two useful English language starting points: Reflections on my life and work, London:Education began in prehistory, as adults trained the young in the knowledge and skills deemed necessary in their society.
In pre-literate societies, this was achieved orally and through caninariojana.com-telling passed knowledge, values, and skills from one generation to the next.
Thereafter, depending upon the aptitude of the student, he should either opt for advanced academic education or join a vocational training institute for skill-based training. Related Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles Tagged With: Education, Short Essays.
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Paulo Freire, dialogue, praxis and education. Perhaps the most influential thinker about education in the late twentieth century, Paulo Freire has been particularly popular with informal educators with his emphasis on dialogue and his concern for the oppressed. How to Write a Persuasive Essay.
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